Indirect Speech : »ÃÐâÂ¤·Õèãªé " Let's "
Direct Speech »ÃÒ¡¯ÊÓ¹Ç¹
¨ÐµéÍ§ãªé¡ÃÔÂÒ¹Ó ( Reporting Verb ) ÇèÒ suggest, advise, urge, propose ¹Ð¤ÃÑº
¨Ò¡¹Ñé¹¨Ö§µÒÁ´éÇÂ them + infinitive with " to " ¹Ð¤ÃÑº ÅÍ§ÁÒ´ÙµÑÇÍÂèÒ§»ÃÐâÂ¤¡Ñ¹àÅÂ¹Ð¤ÃÑº
Direct : She said, " Let's go shopping.
Indirect : She urged them to go shopping.
Direct : Eugene said, " Let's study
Indirect : Eugene proposed them to study English.
Direct : The teacher said, " Let's
play a game. "
Indirect : The teacher advised them to play a game.
Direct : The speaker said, " Let's
eat vegetables. "
Indirect : The speaker suggested them to eat vegetables.
Indirect Speech : »ÃÐâÂ¤ÍØ·Ò¹ ( Exclamation )
µ¡ã¨, àÊÕÂã¨, ÂÔ¹´Õ, µ×è¹àµé¹ ÏÅÏ à¾ÃÒÐ©Ð¹Ñé¹ àÁ×èÍàÃÒ·Ó»ÃÐâÂ¤ãËéà»ç¹ Indirect Speech ¡ÃÔÂÒ¹Ó ( Reporting
Verb ) ¡ç¨ÐµéÍ§ºè§ºÍ¡ÇèÒ¡ÒÃÍØ·Ò¹ã¹µÍ¹¹Ñé¹ à»ç¹¡ÒÃÍØ·Ò¹áººäË¹´éÇÂ¹Ð¤ÃÑº Â¡µÑÇÍÂèÒ§àªè¹
exclaimed with delight
exclaimed with sadness ÍØ·Ò¹ÍÍ¡ÁÒ´éÇÂ¤ÇÒÁàÊÕÂã¨
exclaimed with surprise ÍØ·Ò¹ÍÍ¡ÁÒ´éÇÂ¤ÇÒÁ»ÃÐËÅÒ´ã¨
exclaimed with anger ÍØ·Ò¹ÍÍ¡ÁÒ´éÇÂ¤ÇÒÁâ¡Ã¸
exclaimed with excitement ÍØ·Ò¹ÍÍ¡ÁÒ´éÇÂ¤ÇÒÁµ×è¹àµé¹
exclaimed with admiration ÍØ·Ò¹ÍÍ¡ÁÒ´éÇÂ¤ÇÒÁª×è¹ªÁÂÔ¹´Õ
exclaimed with + N ( ·ÕèáÊ´§¶Ö§ÍÒÃÁ³ì¢Í§»ÃÐâÂ¤¹Ñé¹æ
ÍÂèÒÅ×Á¹Ð¤ÃÑº ¤Ó·ÕèáÊ´§ÍÒÃÁ³ìàËÅèÒ¹Ñé¹¨ÐµéÍ§·ÓãËéà»ç¹ ¤Ó¹ÒÁ ´éÇÂ¹Ð¤ÃéÒº ^o^
Direct : He said, " Hurrah! I
passed the Entrance Exam! "
Indirect : He exclaimed with delight the he passed the Entrance Exam.
Direct : She said, " Congratulation!
What a success you have! "
Indirect : She exclaimed with admiration for my success.
Direct : They said, " Hey, why do you
so late? "
Indirect : They exclaimed with surprise for my late arrival.
Direct : She said, " Help me! "
Indirect : She exclaimed with fright for help.
»ÃÐâÂ¤ Indirect Speech ·Õèãªé¡Ñº»ÃÐâÂ¤ÍØ·Ò¹¹Ñé¹ÍÒ¨¨Ð´ÙÂØè§ÂÒ¡ÊÑºÊ¹àÅç¡¹éÍÂ¹Ð¤ÃÑº
à¾ÃÒÐàÃÒÍÒ¨¨ÐµéÍ§ÃÙé¨Ñ¡´Ñ´á»Å§»ÃÐâÂ¤àÅç¡¹éÍÂàÁ×èÍ·Óà»ç¹ Indirect Speech
Indirect Speech : ÃÇÁ»ÃÐâÂ¤ËÅÒÂáººà¢éÒ´éÇÂ¡Ñ¹
ãªé and said that à»ç¹µÑÇàª×èÍÁ¹Ð¤ÃÑº ¡Ã³Õ·Õè»ÃÐâÂ¤¢éÒ§ËÅÑ§à»ç¹»ÃÐâÂ¤ºÍ¡àÅèÒ àªè¹
Direct : He
said to me, " When will they come? I will be ready at any time. "
Indirect : He asked me when they would come and said that he would be ready at any time.
ãªé and asked ¡Ã³Õ·Õè»ÃÐâÂ¤¤Ó¶ÒÁà»ç¹»ÃÐâÂ¤ËÅÑ§ àªè¹
Steve said to me, " I will be at home at 6 p.m. When will you call
Indirect : Steve told me that he would be at home at 6 p.m. and asked when I would call him.
ãªé and asked à»ç¹µÑÇàª×èÍÁ·Ñé§ 2 »ÃÐâÂ¤¤ÃÑº àªè¹
Direct : The librarian
said to us, " Be quiet! Why are you so noisy? "
Indirect : The librarian told us to be quiet and asked why we were so noisy.
ãªé and told + ºØ¤¤Å + infinitive à»ç¹¤Óàª×èÍÁÃÐËÇèÒ§»ÃÐâÂ¤·Ñé§ÊÍ§ àªè¹
Direct : She said to him, " I don't
feel well. Leave me alone! "
Indirect : She said to him that she didn't feel well and told him to leave her alone.
ãªé and that ÁÒàª×èÍÁ¤ÃÑº àªè¹
Direct : Simon said to me, " My computer
is broken. I can't use it. "
Indirect : Simon said to me that his computer was broken and that he couldn't use it.
ãªé and to àª×èÍÁ¤ÃÑº¼Á àªè¹
Direct : She said to us, " Stand up!
Look overthere! "
Indirect : She told to us to stand up and to look overthere.
Indirect Speech : »ÃÐâÂ¤ Direct ¢Öé¹µé¹´éÇÂ Yes ËÃ×Í No
1. à»ÅÕèÂ¹ said to à»ç¹
told + ºØ¤¤Å + that
ËÒ¡»ÃÐâÂ¤à´ÔÁà»ç¹ " Yes, + »ÃÐâÂ¤·Õèà»ç¹ Present Tense " àªè¹
Direct : He said to me, " Yes, I often go
to the library. "
Indirect : He told me that he often went to the library.
2. à»ÅÕèÂ¹ said to à»ç¹
ËÒ¡»ÃÐâÂ¤à´ÔÁà»ç¹ " Yes, + »ÃÐâÂ¤·Õèà»ç¹ Future Tense " àªè¹
Direct : Joe said, "
Yes, I will think of you. "
Indirect : Joe promised that he would think of me.
said à»ç¹ refused to + Infinitive Verb
ËÒ¡»ÃÐâÂ¤à´ÔÁà»ç¹ " No, + »ÃÐâÂ¤«Öè§äÁè¡ÃÐ·ÓÊÔè§ã´ÊÔè§Ë¹Öè§ " àªè¹
Direct : She said, " No, I won't stay at
Indirect : She refused to stay at home.
Indirect Speech : ¢éÍÊÑ§à¡µÍ×è¹æ
( Personal Pronoun ) ¶éÒÊÃÃ¾¹ÒÁºØ¤¤Å¹Ñé¹à»ç¹ºØÃØÉà´ÕÂÇ¡Ñ¹
Direct : I said, " I will go shopping.
Indirect : I said that I would go shopping.
áµè¶éÒÊÃÃ¾¹ÒÁºØ¤¤Å¹Ñé¹µèÒ§ºØÃØÉ¡Ñ¹ µéÍ§à»ÅÕèÂ¹ä»µÒÁ¡®¹Ð¤ÃÑº àªè¹
Direct : He said, " I will go swimming. "
Indirect : He said that he would go swimming.
Present Tense áµèÁÕÃÙ»à»ç¹
Past Tense ÍÂÙèáÅéÇ
¹Ñè¹¤×Í could, should, would, might àªè¹
Direct : She said, " I might study
Indirect : She said that she might study Chinese.
3. ¤Óàª×èÍÁ that ã¹»ÃÐâÂ¤ºÍ¡àÅèÒ¢Í§ Indirect Speech ÊÒÁÒÃ¶ÅÐäÇéä´é ¶×ÍÇèÒäÁè¼Ô´áµèÍÂèÒ§ã´ àªè¹
Direct : They said, " We are going to have
a dinner. "
Indirect : They said they were going to have a dinner.