Passive Voice : Introduction
Active Voice vs Passive Voice
Active Voice ¤×Í »ÃÐâÂ¤·Õè»ÃÐ¸Ò¹à»ç¹¡ÃÐ·ÓËÃ×ÍáÊ´§¡ÃÔÂÒ¹Ñé¹â´ÂµÃ§ àªè¹
We are playing tennis.
I get up early everyday.
«Öè§¨ÐàËç¹ä´éÍÂèÒ§ªÑ´à¨¹¹Ð¤ÃÑº ÇèÒ·Ñé§ " ¾Ç¡àÃÒ " áÅÐ " ©Ñ¹ " µèÒ§à»ç¹¼Ùé¡ÃÐ·Ó¡ÃÔÂÒ¹Ñé¹æ ·Ñé§ÊÔé¹
Passive Voice ¤×Í »ÃÐâÂ¤·Õè»ÃÐ¸Ò¹à»ç¹¼Ùé¶Ù¡¡ÃÐ·Ó¡ÃÔÂÒ¹Ñé¹â´Â¼ÙéÍ×è¹ËÃ×ÍÊÔè§Í×è¹ àªè¹
A student was punished by his teacher.
The bank is closed at 3.30 p.m. everyday.
¸¹Ò¤ÒÃ¶Ù¡»Ô´àÇÅÒ 15.30 ¹. ·Ø¡ÇÑ¹ ( á»ÅµÒÁµÑÇ )
áµè¶éÒµéÍ§¡ÒÃá»ÅãËéÊÅÐÊÅÇÂáÅéÇ¡ç¤ÇÃ¨Ðá»ÅÇèÒ " ¸¹Ò¤ÒÃ»Ô´àÇÅÒ 15.30 ¹. ·Ø¡ÇÑ¹ " ¤ÃÑº
à»ç¹áºº·Ò§¡ÒÃ¤ÃÑº áµèÀÒÉÒä·ÂàÃÒ¹Ñé¹»Ã¡µÔáÅéÇàÃÒ¨ÐãªéäÁèºèÍÂà·èÒÀÒÉÒÍÑ§¡ÄÉ ÍÂèÒ§äÃ¡çµÒÁ »Ñ¨¨ØºÑ¹ÀÒÉÒä·Â
ä´éÃÑºÍÔ·¸Ô¾Å¨Ò¡ÀÒÉÒÍÑ§¡ÄÉÁÒ¡·Õà´ÕÂÇ¤ÃÑº à¾ÃÒÐ©Ð¹Ñé¹ àÃÒ¨Ö§ÁÑ¡¨ÐàËç¹»ÃÐâÂ¤ÀÒÉÒä·Â·Õèãªé Passive Voice
Passive Voice : ËÅÑ¡¡ÒÃà»ÅÕèÂ¹
1. ãËéàÍÒ¤Ó·Õèà»ç¹¡ÃÃÁ¢Í§»ÃÐâÂ¤ Active ä»à»ÅÕèÂ¹à»ç¹»ÃÐ¸Ò¹ã¹»ÃÐâÂ¤ Passive
2. ãªé Verb to Be ãËé¶Ù¡µéÍ§µÒÁ¾¨¹ìáÅÐ Tense
3. ¡ÃÔÂÒá·éã¹»ÃÐâÂ¤ Active ¨ÐµéÍ§·ÓãËéà»ç¹ Verb ªèÍ§ 3 àÊÁÍ â´ÂÇÒ§äÇéËÅÑ§ Verb to Be
4. àÍÒ»ÃÐ¸Ò¹¢Í§»ÃÐâÂ¤ Active ä»ÇÒ§à»ç¹¡ÃÃÁ¢Í§»ÃÐâÂ¤ Passive áÅÐàµÔÁ by äÇé¢éÒ§Ë¹éÒ
ËÁÒÂàËµØ : ¤Ø³µéÍ§¼Ñ¹¡ÃÔÂÒªèÍ§·Õè
Irregular Verbs ( ¡ÃÔÂÒ·ÕèÁÕ¡ÒÃ¼Ñ¹â´Âà©¾ÒÐ
ËÒ¡ÂÑ§äÁè·ÃÒº àªÔà¢éÒä»´Ùä´é·ÕèµÒÃÒ§¡ÒÃ¼Ñ¹¡ÃÔÂÒ Irregular Verbs ·ÕèË¹éÒËÅÑ¡ä´é ËÃ×Í ¤ÅÔ¡·Õè¹Õè ¤ÃÑº
ÃÙ»»ÃÐâÂ¤ Passive Voice ·Ñé§ 12 Tenses ¤ÃÑº¼Á
= Subject + is, am, are + Verb
3 + by ..........
Present Continuous = Subject + is, am, are + being + Verb 3 + by.........
Present Perfect = Subject + have, has + been + Verb 3 + by..........
Present Perfect Continuous = Subject + have, has + been + being + Verb 3 + by..........
= Subject + was, were + Verb
3 + by.........
Past Continuous = Subject + was, were + being + Verb 3 + by..........
Past Perfect = Subject + had + been + Verb 3 + by..........
Past Perfect Continuous = Subject + had + been + being + Verb 3 + by..........
= Subject + will + be +
Verb 3 + by..........
Future Continuous = Subject + will + be + being + Verb 3 + by..........
Future Perfect = Subject + will + have + been + Verb 3 + by..........
Future Perfect Continuous = Subject + will + have + been + being + Verb 3 + by..........
ËÁÒÂàËµØ : Passive Voice
¢Í§ Present Perfect Continuous, Past Perfect Continuous,
áÅÐ Future Perfect Continuous Tense
»Ñ¨¨ØºÑ¹äÁè¹ÔÂÁãªéáÅéÇ¹Ð¤ÃÑº áÅÐËÒ¡ã¤Ã·ÕèÂÑ§¨ÓäÁèä´éÍÂèÒ§áÁè¹ÂÓÇèÒáµèÅÐ Tense ãªéÍÂèÒ§äÃ ¡ç¡ÃØ³Ò¡ÅÑº
ä»ÍèÒ¹º·àÃÕÂ¹à¡èÒæ ¢Í§¼Á¡çä´é¹Ð¤ÃÑº â´Â¤ÅÔ¡·Õè¢éÒ§ÅèÒ§¹ÕéàÅÂ¤ÃÑº ^_^
Passive Voice : µÑÇÍÂèÒ§»ÃÐâÂ¤
Active à»ç¹ Passive ã¹ 12 Tenses
àÁ×èÍº··ÕèáÅéÇ¼Áä´éá¹Ð¹Óâ¤Ã§ÊÃéÒ§»ÃÐâÂ¤¢Í§ Passive Voice ·Ñé§ 12 Tenses ä»áÅéÇ¹Ð¤ÃÑº
à¾×èÍ·èÒ¹¼ÙéÍèÒ¹¨Ðä´éàËç¹ÀÒ¾ÁÒ¡¢Öé¹¤ÃÑº ã¤Ã·ÕèÂÑ§äÁèä´éÍèÒ¹º··ÕèáÅéÇàªÔ ¤ÅÔ¡·Õè¹Õè ¤ÃÑº¼Á
Present Simple Tense
Active : Somchai drives a bus.
Passive : A bus is driven by Somchai.
Active : Somchai is driving a bus.
Passive : A bus is being driven by Somchai.
Active : Somchai has driven a bus.
Passive : A bus has been driven by Somchai.
Perfect Continuous Tense
Active : Somchai has been driving a bus.
Passive : A bus has been being driven by Somchai.
Active : Somchai drove a bus.
Passive : A bus was driven by Somchai.
Active : Somchai was driving a bus.
Passive : A bus was being driven by Somchai.
Active : Somchai had driven a bus.
Passive : A bus had been driven by Somchai.
Perfect Continuous Tense
Active : Somchai had been driving a bus.
Passive : A bus had been being driven by Somchai.
Active : Somchai will drive a bus.
Passive : A bus will be driven by Somchai.
Active : Somchai will be driving a bus.
Passive : A bus will be being driven by Somchai.
Active : Somchai will have driven a bus.
Passive : A bus will have been driven by Somchai.
Perfect Continuous Tense
Active : Somchai will have been driving a bus.
Passive : A bus will have been being driven by Somchai.
Passive Voice : ¤Ó¡ÃÔÂÒ·Õèãªéã¹»ÃÐâÂ¤ Passive äÁèä´é
Passive Voice ä´é¹Ð¤ÃÑº
¼Á¡ç¢Íá¹ÐãËé¨Óà»ç¹¡ÅØèÁËÃ×Íà»ç¹¤Óä»´éÇÂ¹Ð¤ÃÑº ÇèÒ¡ÃÔÂÒµÑÇäË¹àÍÒÁÒáµè§à»ç¹ Passive Voice äÁèä´é
( Intransitive Verb ) ËÁÒÂ¶Ö§ ¤Ó¡ÃÔÂÒ·ÕèäÁè¨Óà»ç¹µéÍ§ÁÕ¡ÃÃÁÁÒÃÍ§ÃÑº
Passive Voice à´ç´¢Ò´àÅÂ¹Ð¤ÃÑº àªè¹
A bird is flying in the air. äÁèÊÒÁÒÃ¶áµè§à»ç¹
Passive Voice ä´é¹Ð¤ÃÑº
fly á»ÅÇèÒ ºÔ¹
äÁè¨Óà»ç¹µéÍ§ÁÕ¡ÃÃÁàÅÂ àÃÒ¡ç·ÃÒºÍÂÙèáÅéÇÇèÒ¹¡¡ÓÅÑ§ºÔ¹ÍÂÙè ¤ÓÇèÒ in the air ¹Ñé¹äÁèãªèà»ç¹¡ÃÃÁ¹Ð¤ÃÑº à»ç¹à¾ÕÂ§ÇÅÕ·Õè¢ÂÒÂ
¡ÃÔÂÒ fly à·èÒ¹Ñé¹¹èÐ¤ÃÑº
¡çÍÂèÒ§·ÕèºÍ¡¹Ð¤ÃÑºÇèÒ Í¡ÃÃÁ¡ÃÔÂÒ¹Õé ¡çµéÍ§ËÁÑè¹¤èÍÂæ ¨Ó¡Ñ¹ä»¤ÃÑº¼Á ¼ÁäÁèÊÒÁÒÃ¶á¹ÐËÅÑ¡ä´é¨ÃÔ§æ ¤ÃÑº µéÍ§¨Óà·èÒ¹Ñé¹¹Ð¤ÃÑº
( Transitive Verb ) ºÒ§¤Ó ¡çäÁèÊÒÁÒÃ¶áµè§à»ç¹»ÃÐâÂ¤ä´é
à»ç¹¤Ó¡ÃÔÂÒ·ÕèµéÍ§ÁÕ¡ÃÃÁÁÒÃÍ§ÃÑº¤ÃÑº¼Á áºº¹ÕéµéÍ§ÍÒÈÑÂ¨Óä»à»ç¹¤Óæ ¹Ð¤ÃÑº µÑÇÍÂèÒ§¡Ã³Õ¹Õé¡çÍÂèÒ§àªè¹
He had his breakfast at home. àÃÒäÁèÊÒÁÒÃ¶áµè§à»ç¹
Passive Voice ä´éÇèÒ
His breakfast was had by him at home. ( äÁèÁÕã¤Ããªé¡Ñ¹¹Ð¤ÃÑº )
ËÁÒÂàËµØ : Í¡ÃÃÁ¡ÃÔÂÒ
Passive Voice ä´é ¡Ã³Õ·Õè¤Ó¡ÃÔÂÒµÑÇ¹Ñé¹ÁÕ
preposition + object
( ·Ñé§¹Õéà¾ÃÒÐ Intransitive Verb + Object = Transitive Verb ä´é·Ñ¹·Õ¤ÃÑº¼Á ) Â¡µÑÇÍÂèÒ§àªè¹
We will look after him well.
He will be well looked after.
Everybody doesn't like people looking down on him.
Everybody doesn't like being looked down.
Passive Voice : »ÃÐâÂ¤¤Ó¶ÒÁ
ËÅÑ¡¡ÒÃà»ÅÕèÂ¹»ÃÐâÂ¤ Active ·Õèà»ç¹¤Ó¶ÒÁãËéà»ç¹ Passive
»ÃÐâÂ¤ Active Voice ·Õèà»ç¹»ÃÐâÂ¤¤Ó¶ÒÁ·Õè¢Öé¹´éÇÂ Question Words àÁ×èÍà»ÅÕèÂ¹à»ç¹ Passive ãËé·Ó´Ñ§µèÍä»¹Õé :-
1.ãËéàÍÒ Question Words ÍÑ¹ä´éá¡è
What, Where, When, Why, Whose, Whom, Which, How ¢Öé¹äÇéµé¹»ÃÐâÂ¤àËÁ×Í¹à´ÔÁ
Â¡àÇé¹¤ÓÇèÒ Who ãËéà»ÅÕèÂ¹à»ç¹ " By whom " á·¹
2.¤ÓÍ×è¹æ àªè¹ Verb to Be, must, may, can, could, should, would, might, etc. ãËéàÃÕÂ§áºº¤Ó¶ÒÁµÒÁ»Ã¡µÔ
â´ÂÇÒ§äÇéË¹éÒ»ÃÐ¸Ò¹ áµèÍÂÙèËÅÑ§ Question Words
3.»ÃÐ¸Ò¹ã¹ Active Voice µéÍ§¹Óä»à»ç¹¡ÃÃÁµÒÁËÅÑ§ºØ¾º· by
4.¡ÃÔÂÒá·éã¹ Active Voice àÁ×èÍà»ÅÕèÂ¹à»ç¹ Passive Voice ãËé·Óà»ç¹¡ÃÔÂÒªèÍ§ 3
Active : What does he want?
Passive : What is wanted by him?
Active : Who punished her?
Passive : By whom was she punished?
Active : Which dictionary do you buy?
Passive : Which dictionary is bought by you?
Active : How will they do it?
Passive : How will it be done by them?
Active : Whom does she love?
Passive : Who is loved by her?
Active : Where did you find it?
Passive : Where was it found by you?
Active : Whose computer will you buy?
Passive : Whose computer will be bought by you?
Active : When did he send her a present?
Passive : When was she sent a present by him?
Active : Why did you open it?
Passive : Why was it opened by you?
»ÃÐâÂ¤ Active Voice ·Õèà»ç¹»ÃÐâÂ¤¤ÓÊÑè§ÁÒà»ç¹ Passive Voice ¨ÐµéÍ§·Ó´Ñ§¹Õé
Let + object + be + Verb ªèÍ§ 3
Active : Open the window.
Passive : Let the window be opened.
Active : Don't destroy the house.
Passive : Let the house not be destroyed.
Active : Do it.
Passive : Let it be done.
Active : Don't close the door.
Passive : Let the door not be closed.
Passive Voice : »ÃÐâÂ¤·ÕèäÁèµéÍ§¡ÒÃ BY
Active Voice ä»äÇéËÅÑ§
by ã¹ Passive Voice ËÃ×ÍäÁè¹Ñé¹
¤×Í ¶éÒàÃÒäÁèà¹é¹¼Ùé¡ÃÐ·ÓËÃ×Í¼Ùé¡ÃÐ·Ó¹Ñé¹äÁèÊÓ¤ÑáÅÐäÁè¨Óà»ç¹·Õè¨ÐµéÍ§¡ÅèÒÇ¶Ö§ àÃÒ¡çÊÒÁÒÃ¶ÅÐºØ¾º· by ä´é¤ÃÑº
His house was painted beautifully before he moved in.
àÃÒÊÒÁÒÃ¶ÊÃØ»¡Ã³Õ·ÕèàÃÒÊÒÁÒÃ¶ÅÐºØ¾º· by äÇé¤ÃèÒÇæ ä´é´ÑÇµèÍä»¹Õé
Active Voice à»ç¹ everyone, everybody, someone,
somebody, on one,
äÁèµéÍ§¹Óä»ÇÒ§äÇé¢éÒ§ËÅÑ§ by ã¹»ÃÐâÂ¤ Passive Voice àªè¹
Active : No one has used the door for
Passive : The door hasn't been used for six years.
Active : Somebody ate three apples
Passive : Three apples were eaten overhere.
Active : Everybody studies Chinese
in this school.
Passive : Chinese is studied in this school.
Active Voice à»ç¹ºØÃØÉÊÃÃ¾¹ÒÁ
( Personal Pronoun ) ¤×Í I, You, We, They,
He, She, It äÁèµéÍ§ãÊèäÇéËÅÑ§ºØ¾º· by àªè¹
Active : She closed the window of the
Passive : The window of the house was closed.
Active : They will build a new road
through here soon.
Passive : A new road will be built through here soon.
People say that ............. , People believe that
àÁ×èÍ·Óà»ç¹»ÃÐâÂ¤ Passive Voice ãËéà»ÅÕèÂ¹à»ç¹ It is said that ............., It is believed that ................
Active : People say that optimism promotes
Passive : It is said that optimism promotes happiness.
Active : People believe that the earth
Passive : It is believed that the earth is round.